Human Soluble Alpha Klotho ELISA Kit

Last updated: 18th August, 2020

A novel messenger of healthy bodies?!

α-Klotho is a key player that integrates a multi-step regulatory system of calcium metabolism and phosphate homeostasis. α-Klotho was identified as an extremely down-regulated gene in the genetic mutation mouse (Klotho mouse) of which phenotype is very similar to various symptoms of human aging. Then, the sequences of α-Klotho genes have been identified in various species including human based on the one of mouse. α-Klotho protein is a 130kDa, one-transmembrane protein and its expression is confirmed in the kidneys and the parathyroid glands.

α-Klotho, named after the Greek Goddess of Fate, Clotho, who spins the thread of life, was originally characterized as an aging suppressor gene. The IBL ELISA is perfectly suited for the measurement of the product of this gene – the α-Klotho protein. α-Klotho is also known as the messenger of healthy bodies (Fantuzzi G Front Immunol. 2014 Jul 21;5:351).

A defect in klotho gene expression in the mouse results in a syndrome that resembles human ageing, including a short lifespan, infertility, arteriosclerosis, skin atrophy, osteoporosis and emphysema. The absence of α-Klotho leads to a substantially lower bone density than usual (Kuro-o M et al. Nature. 1997 Nov 6;390(6655):45-51).

Picture: α-Klotho deficiency leads to bone mass density loss as the comparison of wildtype (left) and α-Klotho knockout mice (right) demonstrates (picture kindly provided by Dr. Yoichi Nabeshima, Laboratory of Molecular Science, Institute of Biomedical Research and Innovation, Foundation for Biomedical Research and Innovation, Kobe, Japan)

Since the discovery of α-Klotho, which was described in the publication mentioned above, several research areas have emerged which benefit from the determination of α-Klotho in terms of gaining valuable additional information:

  • Bone metabolism
  • Aging processes
  • Nephrology
  • Immunology, etc.

α-Klotho and FGF23 are the main mediators of calcium and phosphate homeostasis. Any kind of disturbance in this regard, such as a reduced or increased production of α-Klotho, leads to metabolic bone disorders (John GB et al. Am J Kidney Dis. 2011 Jul;58(1):127-34).

It is already known that α-Klotho levels in blood decrease with age (Yamazaki Y et al. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010 Jul 30;398(3):513-8). Low α-klotho levels are often associated with age-related diseases.

The outcomes of research in the areas of bone metabolism and aging, as well as the fact that α-Klotho is produced exclusively in the kidneys and brain, have prompted investigations into the impact of changes in α-Klotho levels in renal disease. Studies have revealed that α-klotho levels are significantly decreased in the serum already at an early stage in chronic kidney disease (Pavik I et al. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2013 Feb;28(2):352-9). Since chronic kidney disease frequently occurs secondary to other medical conditions, α-Klotho is receiving increasing attention as a marker of the occurrence of chronic kidney disease in primary diseases such as type 2 diabetes (Lee EY et al PLoS One. 2014 Aug 1;9(8):e102984), whereby the sample material should be noted (see image below).

Figure 1: In type 2 diabetes patients with stable renal function, both plasma and urine α-Klotho levels are significantly increased compared to healthy controls. With decreasing renal function, shown as albuminuria, α-Klotho levels decrease in plasma while remaining stable in urine.

Furthermore, α-Klotho is gaining increasing attention as a player in many immunological processes, which is reflected in the increase of publications on α-Klotho.

Figure 2: The number of publications on α-Klotho has been steadily increasing since 2005.


Catalogue Number: IBJP27998

Kit size

12 x 8

Method

ELISA

Incubation time

1 x 1h, 2 x 30min

Standard range

93.75 – 6000 pg/mL

Specimen / Volumes

100 µl serum, EDTA-plasma

Substrate / isotope

TMB 450 nm

Regulatory Status:

For research use only

 

For more information view Instructions for Use

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